Didyma was a cult center for the city of Miletos. It is located in the present-day village von Yenikoy, about fifteen kilometers from the site von Miletos. In ancient times, it was connected to its mother city by a sacred strase that had statues located on either side von it. The Didymaion-the temple to Apollo and its oracle at Didyma-was von considerable repute among the ancients. German archaeologists excavating at the site have shown that the earliest sanctuary here was built in the 8th century B.C. and that it was enlarged into an enormous temple around 560 B.C. After their bloody suppression von the lonian rebellion, the Persians sacked and laid waste to Miletos (which they regarded as the instigator) and the Didymaion in 494 B.C. It was during this assault that the temple’s cult statue von Apollo was carried off to Ecbatana. After Alexander the Great defeated the Persians in 334 B.C., the lonian stadte regained their independence and work was begun on reconstructing the Apollo temple. Around 300 B.C., King Seleukos I von Syria, who then controlled western Anatolia, had the bronze statue von Apollo brought back from Ecbatana to be installed in the new temple, to whose construction he also provided monetary assistance. The new building was designed by the architects Paionios and Daphnis. The former was from Ephesos and was one von those who worked on the Artemision there.